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Showing posts from April, 2020

THE FUTURE - EL FUTURO SIMPLE - COMERÉ, BEBERÁS

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Level: Elementary/ Pre-Intermediate

Today we are looking at the Futuro Simple. 

This is a way to talk about the future that just needs an ending on the end of the infinitive - as the name suggests, it is a very simple way of talking about the future. 

Comer 

Mañana yo comeré
Mañana tú comerás
Mañana él comerá
Mañana nosotros comeremos
Mañana vosotros comeréis.
Mañana ellos comerán. 

the endings are 
é, ás, á, emos, éis, án
Doon't forget the accent - ´

There are some irregular verbs 
Hacer - haré
decir - diré
salir - saldré
poder - podré
poner - pondré
tener - tendré
venir - vendré

Do the Quizlet to practice the irregulars. 

More practice below - translate the sentences. First, watch the video. 





I will leave at 7pm. 
She won´t be able to come. 
We will tell you something tomorrow. 
He will put the book on the table. 
He won't want to go tomorrow. 
We will know at 8pm. 
They will do their homework tonight.

Do another Quizlet to find out the answers. 

TELLING THE TIME 2 - LA HORA EN ESPAÑOL

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Level: Complete Beginners

This is the second blog post looking at how to tell the time. If you haven't seen the first one, it is a good idea to have a look at it here

Some more info for telling the time in Spanish....

1.00 - Es la una
2.15 - Son las dos y cuarto
3.20 - Son las tres y veinte

"menos" is "minus" or "less"

2.45 - Son las tres menos cuarto
7.55 - Son las ocho menos cinco
6.40 - Son las siete menos veinte

Watch the video to learn. 

Do the Quizlet to practice. 



VARIOUS ONLINE RESOURCES FOR STUDENTS OF SPANISH

Some useful resources online for those studying Spanish at all levels....

First, a fun show in Spanish on Youtube that has been made specifically for people learning Spanish. It´s called Extra.

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLVULqsElvki_riI1ld0QhZJx1wom5Ply


Also, Edelsa, a publisher of Spanish learning materials, has put all of its coursebooks online for free until the summer. 

http://edelsa.es/ELEencasa/


Finally, TVE, the state Spanish broadcaster, has a lot of programmes available online 

https://www.rtve.es/m/alacarta/tve/

DAILY ROUTINE - LA RUTINA DIARIA

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Level: Beginners +/ Elementary

Today we are going to look at some verbs we use to talk about what we do every day. 

Let's first look at the infinitives of the verbs. 

despertarse - to wake up
levantarse - to get up
lavarse las manos - to wash your hands
ducharse - to have a shower
acostarse - to go to bed

desayunar - to have breakfast
almorzar - to have lunch
cenar - to have dinner

ir al trabajo - to go to work
volver a casa - to return home

ver la televisión - to watch TV
leer libros - to read books

Do the Quizlet to practice. 

Watch the video.....




TALKING ABOUT THE PAST - EL PRETÉRITO, REGULAR VERBS

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Level: Elementary/ Pre Intermediate

As always, with verbs in Spanish, learning how to talk in the past is mostly a matter of learning how to use the correct ending. 

For the regular verbs in Spanish, there are two sets of endings. Most verbs are regular. 

AR verbs

hablé
hablaste
habló
hablamos
hablasteis
hablaron


IR/ER verbs

Comí
comiste
comió
comimos
comisteis
comieron

Some useful expressions...

Ayer - yesterday
La semana pasada - last week
El año pasado - last year

Do the Quizlet to practice some simple past tense forms. 

Watch the video to learn and practice more. 

Do the next Quizlet for more advanced practice. 


THE PAST TENSE - SONG - TE FELICITO

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Level: Elementary/ Pre-Intermediate/ Intermediate

Songs are often a good way of learning and practicing a language. Today we are going to listen to a song my Daniela Darcourt called Te Felicito. 

"Felicitar" is the verb "to congratulate", but seeing as this is a song about a love affair gone wrong, the title is a little ironic. 

Te felicito - I congratulate you

The song is full of second person, past tense. In other words, the tú form in the past - you did, you believed, you promised etc.....

You may need to practice the past tense first, so have a look at the blog and video for Past tense, Regular Verbs

The ending for this form is either -aste or -iste. Listen to the song and put the verbs into the correct places.

First, some vocabulary...



ilusionar – to get someone’s hopes up         
farsante – fake
brindar – to make a toast
fiera salvaje – a wild animal


Here are three of the past tense verbs. There are seven in total. There are four more below. 



                disfrazas…

LA COMIDA - FOOD IN SPANISH

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Level: Complete Beginners

This blog and video is about food in Spanish - La Comida.

Watch the video below and learn some words for common food in Spanish. 

la leche - milk
el te - tea
la mantequilla - butter
la carne - meat
el pescado - fish
la manzana - the apple
las patatas fritas

All nouns in Spanish are either masculine (el or los) or feminine (la or las) - this is grammatical, it has nothing to do with if something is actually a masculine or a feminine thing. 

You will also practice the difference between "el" and "la"....
El pescado - fish - we use "el" because "pescado" is a masculine noun: we know this because it has "o" at the end. 

La manzana - we use "la" because "manzana" is a feminine noun - it has "a" at the end. 

Some nouns do not end in either "a" or "o" - you just have to learn the genders.. eg...
el te
la carne
la leche

Watch the video to practice. Do the Quizlet to do some more practic…

IMPERATIVES WITH VIDEO - RETURN TO WORK IN SPAIN

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Level; Pre-Intermediate/ Intermediate

As of today, April 13th, the Spanish are slowly returning to work after the whole country shut down because of the Coronavirus. 

On RTVE - the Spanish equivalent of RTE - they have advice and guidelines on what to do and what not to do when returning to work. 

As they are giving advice, they are using a lot of imperatives. If you are unsure what an Imperative is or how to form it, check out the blog on Imperatives

Watch the short video and see how many imperatives you can find. There are 14 positive and 2 negative imperatives (using "no"). The answers are below....

Some vocab.....

acudir - to show up, turn up, attend
contacto estrecho - close contact
para que acredite - so he/ she can confirm....
pañuelo desechable - a disposable tissue
estornudar - to sneeze





Recomendaciones para la reincorporación al trabajo



recuerda - remember
no salgas - don't go out
quédate en casa - stay at home
teletrabaja - work from home
no acudas - do not show up
contacta
p…

SUBJUNCTIVE 2: WITH QUERER, ESPERAR AND OTHER SIMILAR VERBS

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Level: Intermediate

Before you watch this video, make sure you have seen the first Subjunctive video that introduces the topic. 

In this blog we will look at using the Subjunctive with certain verbs of influence and desire....

Verbs mentioned in the video include....

Querer
Pedir
Esperar
Recomendar

The pattern is....

Verb of influence   +         que          +        subjunctive

Quiero que me ayudes. 
Espero que estés bien. 
Te recomiendo que vayas al hospital. 

Others include...
Desear
Decir
Exigir
Preferir

Watch the video and practice the subjunctive with verbs of influence and desire. 

Do the Quizlet for more practice. 





Click on the link to find more info on irregular and radical changing verbs in the subjunctive


Answers to the translations in the video....

He wants her to leave - Él quiere que ella salga. 

She recommends that they drink green tea. - Ella recomienda que beban te verde. 

I ask you to prepare dinner. - Te pido que prepares la cena. 




SER and ESTAR

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Level: Beginners + / Elementary

In English we have one verb - To Be - where in Spanish they have 2 - Ser and Estar.

So what's the difference?

Ser: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son

Descriptions
Time and date
Family relationships
Nationality
Profession


Estar; estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están

Emotions
Location
Temporary states

Watch the video below and then do the Quizlet for practice....

More practice exercises here. 

Quizlet here on how to translate "is". 





IRREGULAR VERBS: PRESENT TENSE

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Level: Beginners + / Elementary

Today we are going to focus on some Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense. 

These verbs are mostly irregular in the First Person....

Dar - doy
Ir - voy
Estar - estoy
Ser - soy

Salir - salgo
poner - pongo
decir - digo
oír - oigo

Do the Quizlet to practice irregular first persons...

Watch the video for more practice. 

Do another Quizlet for more advanced practice.....




More practice exercises here.



THE SUBJUNCTIVE 1 - IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS

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The Subjunctive can be a tricky area for students of Spanish, as it doesn't really exist in English and so is hard for English speakers to grasp. It is also used in a number of different situations, which complicates matters further. 

For this reason, we are going to start slowly. The first area we will look at is the area of Impersonal Expressions.....

These are expressions like....

Es importante que...
Es natural que...
Es difícil que...
Es normal que...
Es posible que...

To form the subjunctive we use the first person of the Present Tense. We then use the following endings....

AR verbs - e, es, e, emos, éis, en

IR/ER verbs - a, as, a, amos, áis, an

Watch the video for a more in depth look at the area. Do the Quizlet for more practice. More practice below....

Quizlet here for irregular subjunctives...



For more practice and info, check out this link.

PARTS OF THE BODY AND ILLNESSES

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In this blog we will look at various parts of the body

la boca - the mouth
el ojo - the eye
la oreja - the ear
la pierna - the leg
el brazo - the arm

We will also learn about how to say if something hurts, or if it is broken....

Me duele el brazo - my arm hurts

Tengo la pierna rota - I have a broken leg


Watch the video and do the Quizlet to practice parts of the body. 

There is another Quizlet to practice hurting and broken parts of the body.