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Showing posts from February, 2016

BEGINNERS 2 COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7

This week we learnt some actions related to hobbies. Pasatiempos – leisure time En mi tiempo libre me gusta… – in my free time I like… Aprender – to learn Jugar al golf – to play golf Dormir – To sleep Cantar – To sing Comer – to eat Bailar – to dance Leer – to read Nadar – to swim Pasear por el campo – To take strolls Escuchar música – To listen to the music Ver la tele – To watch TV Ir de compras – to go shopping Ir de copas – To go for a drink Ir de cañas – To go for a beer (small size, normally before lunch) Ir al cine – to go to the cinema Tocar un instrumento – To play an instrument
In pairs we talked about our hobbies. A John le gusta ir al cine – John likes going to the cinema A María no le gusta ver la tele – María doesn’t like watch TV A mí no me gusta ir de compras – I don’t like going shopping A tí te gusta cantar – You like singing
We did a listening exercise. A Rosa le gusta…- Rosa likes… La música – The music Leer – to read Las novelas españolas – The Spanish novels El ciclismo - Cycling A Rosa le…

PRE-INTERMEDIATE COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7

PRE-INTERMEDIATE COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7 We began by revising how to speak about a past situation that is no longer true Trabajaba – I used to work Vivía – I used to live…
This is the Imperfect tense, and we use it for past situations or for repeated actions in the past. En el pasado en Irlanda, no había tantos coches – there weren’t as many cars …..no había tanta obesidad – there wasn’t as much obesity ……no había tanto dinero – there wasn’t as much money La gente era más obesa – people were more obese
To form the Imperfect, we add … aba, abas, aba….etc to AR verbs…. And                                                             Ía, ías, ía….. to IR/ER verbs. Ser, IR and VER are irregular Ser – era, eras, era, éramos, erais, eran Ir – iba, ibas, iba, íbamos, ibais, iban Ver – Veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veíais, veían
We listened to someone talking about her life past and present Odio – I hate Entonces – back then
We then went on to learn the words for some objects
Un sacacorchos – a corks…

ELEMENTARY COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7

ELEMENTARY COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7 We began by revising some verbs connected to the daily routine We then went on to learn some verbs connected to daily routine Levantarse – to get up, me levanto – I get up Ducharse – to shower, me ducho – I shower Desayunar – to have breakfast, desayuno – I have breakfast Ir al trabajo – to go to work, Voy al trabajo – I go to work Empezar el trabajo – to begin work, Empiezo el trabajo – I begin work Comer – to have lunch = almorzar Como – I have lunch, almuerzo – I have lunch Volver a casa – to return home, vuelvo a casa – I return home Cenar – to have dinner, ceno – I have dinner Acostarse – to go to bed, me acuesto – I go to bed
Las comidas – meals El desayuno – breakfast La comida/el almuerzo – lunch La merienda – mid-afternoon snack La cena – dinner
We listened to an au pair describing her typical day Dar un paseo – to go for a walk Recoger – to collect, pick up Planchar – to iron
We then went on to learn some reflexive verbs These are verbs that hav…

BEGINNERS COURSE, 2016, CLASS 7

In this lesson we talked about places in the city and we learnt how to ask directions
La oficina de correos – The post office La piscina – The swimming pool La iglesia – the church La playa – the beach El banco – the bank La farmacia – The chemist’s El cine – the cinema El museo – the museum El supermercado – the supermarket La comisaría (de policía ) – the police station La estación de trenes – the train station La estación de autobuses – the bus station El aeropuerto – The airport Los semáforos – the traffic lights La tienda de ropa – la boutique El hospital – The hospital La oficina de turismo – the tourist office El aparcamiento – The parking place
A la izquierda de – on the left A la derecha de – on the right Siga –continue ; Siga todo recto – Go straight Gire – Turn Suba – go up Tome – take Cruce – cross Baje – go down La primera calle – The first street / road La segunda calle – The second street / road La tercera calle – The third street / road La cuarta calle – The third street / road
We also did a list…

BEGINNERS 2 COURSE, 2016, CLASS 6

This week we revised the last two dialogues from last week and then we learnt the colours. Rojo/roja – red Azul – blue Negro/negra – black Verde – Green Gris – grey Blanco/blanca – White Amarillo/amarilla – yellow Marrón – Brown
Note: colours must go after the noun in Spanish

Unos zapatos rojos – red shoes Un sombrero negro – a black hat Unos vaqueros verdes – green jeans Un abrigo amarillo – a yellow coat Unos pantalones azules – blue jeans Un vestido blanco – a White dress Una falda amarilla – a yellow skirt Un suéter marrón – a Brown sweater Unos calcetines grises – grey socks Una camiseta roja – a red t-shirt Una camisa negra – a black shirt Una corbata amarilla – a yellow tie Unos zapatos marrones – Brown shoes Una bufanda roja – a red scarf
To finish, we described someone in the room and the rest of the class had to guess who the person was.
Two examples: Lleva una camiseta roja, unos vaqueros y unas zapatillas negras. Tiene el pelo corto y lleva gafas – He’s wearing a red t-shirt, a pair of jeans and …

BEGINNERS COURSE, 2016, CLASS 6

This week we talked about food. La comida Las patatas fritas – The chips La naranja – The orange La mantequilla – the butter El queso – the cheese El arroz – the rice La cerveza – the beer La leche – the milk El pescado – the fish La tortilla – the omelette El jamón – the ham El pan – the bread Los huevos – the eggs La ensalada – the salad La carne de vaca  - the steak La pasta – the pasta Los mariscos – seafood
We learnt some expressions to express likes and dislikes in Spanish. ¿Te gusta la cerveza? – Do you like beer? Sí, me encanta – Yes, I love it. Sí, me gusta mucho – Yes, I like it very much Sí, me gusta – Yes I like it No, no me gusta mucho – No, I don’t like it very much No, no me gusta – No, I don’t like it No, no me gusta nada – No, I don’t like it at all. If the noun is plural, we add an “n” at the end of “gusta”. See the examples below: ¿Te gustan los huevos? – Do you like eggs? Sí, me gustan mucho – Yes, I like them No, no me gustan nada – No, I don’t like them at all.
We learnt how to order foo…

PRE-INTERMEDIATE COURSE, 2016, CLASS 6

PRE INTER, 2016, CLASS 6 We began by looking at the names and formations of various tenses in Spanish using the verb Hablar
El Presente (I speak) Hablo, hablas, habla, hablamos, habláis, hablan
El Pretérito (I spoke) Hablé, hablaste, habló, hablamos, hablasteis, hablaron
El Futuro ( I will speak) Hablaré, hablarás, hablará, hablaremos, hablareis, hablarán
El Perfecto (I have spoken) He hablado, has hablado, ha hablado, hemos hablado, habéis hablado, han hablado
El Imperfecto (I used to speak, I was speaking) Hablaba, hablabas, hablaba, hablábamos, hablabais, hablaban
El contínuo (I am speaking) Estoy hablando, estás hablando, está hablando, estamos hablando, estáis hablando, están hablando
We went on to look again at the Imperfect tense. We talked about what we used to do as children. Yo comía muchos bombones Jugaba con las muñecas Veía los dibujos animados Llevaba vestidos, pantalones y camisetas Vivía en una granja – I used to live on a farm
We listened to a conversation about how Spain used …

ELEMENTARY COURSE, 2016, CLASS 6

WE began by revising various words for emotions using the verb ESTAR Enfadado/a – angry Preocupado/a – worried Aburrido/a – bored Cansado/a – tired Enamorado/a – in love
We also mentioned some temporary states. We also use ESTAR with these… Embarazada – pregnant Sucio/a – dirty Limpio/a – clean Desordenado/a – messy
We then talked about emotions with TENER Tengo sed – I am thirsty Tengo hambre – I am hungry Tengo sueño – I am sleepy Tengo calor – I am hot Tengo miedo – I am scared Tengo miedo de las arañas – I am scared of spiders Las serpientes – snakes Las aguas profundas – deep water Las alturas – heights
We then went on to learn some verbs connected to daily routine Levantarse – to get up, me levanto – I get up Ducharse – to shower, me ducho – I shower Desayunar – to have breakfast, desayuno – I have breakfast Ir al trabajo – to go to work, Voy al trabajo – I go to work Empezar el trabajo – to begin work, Empiezo el trabajo – I begin work Comer – to have lunch = amorzar Como – I have lun…

BEGINNERS 2 COURSE, 2016, CLASS 5

This week we finished the last part about physical descriptions 1.En el centro comercial – in the shopping centre Atención señoras y señores – Attention, ladies and gentlemen Se ha encontrado a una niña de unos tres o cuatro años en la planta baja – A girl aged around 3 or 4 was found on the ground floor. Tiene el pelo rubio y largo y los ojos azules – She has long blonde hair and blue eyes Lleva gafas – She is wearing glasses Rogamos a los padres que se pongan en contacto con la oficina de información – We ask her parents that they get in contact with the información office. Gracias por su atención – Thank you for your attention.
2.El sospechoso – The suspect Pero Bueno, ¿no ha dicho nada? – But, let me see, has she not said anything? “Adiós” es lo único que ha dicho – “Bye” was the only thing she said ¿Y la señora estaba enfadada, triste o algo? – And was the lady angry, sad or anything? No no, al contrario, estaba muy contenta – No, no, just the opposite, she was very happy. Y ese hombre, ¿lo…

BEGINNERS COURSE 2016, CLASS 5

This week we learnt how to ask/say the time in Spanish.
¿Qué hora es? – What time is it? Es la… / Son las … - It is…
In Spanish, we say the hour first and then the minutes. 2:00 Son las dos 5:30 Son las cinco y media 7:30 Son las siete y media 12:30 Son las doce y media 9:00 Son las nueve en punto 2:30 Son las dos y media 1:00 Es la una 4:30 Son las cuatro y media
7.45 Son las ocho menos cuarto 3.15 Son las tres y cuarto 2.20 Son las dos y veinte 8.25 Son las ocho y veinticinco 11.45 Son las doce menos cuarto 4.20 Son las cuatro y veinte 5.15 Son las cinco y cuarto 1.50 Son las dos menos diez 6.55 Son las siete menos cinco 10.25 Son las diez y veinticinco
We did two listening exercises:
1. Es la una – It’s 1 o’clock Son las dos – It’s 2 o’clock Son las nueve – It’s 9 o’clock Son las doce – it’s 12 o’clock
2.Son las dos menos cuarto de la tarde – 1.45 in the afternoon Son las seis y media de la tarde – 6.30 in the evening Son las doce menos cuarto de la noche – 11.45 in the evening Son las ocho y diez de la mañana…

PRE-INTERMEDIATE COURSE, 2016, CLASS 5

We began by revising some expressions for tasks in the home…
All verbs are regular unless stated….. Sacar la basura Cortar el césped Poner la mesa (irregular – Pongo, pones, pone…) Quitar la mesa Fregar el suelo (irreg… - friego, friegas, friega….) Limpiar la cocina
We also discussed which tasks we enjoy and which we don’t Me encanta pasar la aspirador porque es muy relajante Odio planchar – I hate ironing No me gusta sacar la basura, es un fastidio – it is a nuisance, a bother, an annoyance Molestar = fastidiar – to annoy
We also discussed if men and women share the household chores Compartir – to share Los hombres y las mujeres comparten las tareas Estoy de acuerdo – I agree No estoy nada de acuerdo – I don’t agree at all Tienes razón – you are right Estás equivocado/a – you are wrong Desde mi punto de vista – from my point of view
We then moved on to talking about past situations that are no longer true Ya no – not any longer
For this we use the Imperfect tense AR verbs – yo hablaba, tú hablabas,…

ELEMENTARY COURSE 2016, CLASS 5

In this class we began by learning some words for emotions – we used the verb Estar
Está triste – he/she is sad Está preocupado/a – he/she is worried Está aburrido/a – he/she is bored Está contento/a – he/she is happy Está enfermo/a – he/she is sick Está estresado/a – he/she is stressed Está enfadado/a – he/she is angry, annoyed Está enamorado/a – he/she is in love Está relajado/a – he/she is relaxed Están contentos – they are happy
We also looked at the verb Estar Yo estoy                                 Nosotros estamos Tú estás                                 Vosotros estáis Él/ella/usted está                Ellos están
We then looked at temporary states, which we also always need Estar to express Está embarazada – she is pregnant Está sucio/a – it/he/she is dirty Está limpio/a – it/he/she is clean Está desordenado/a – it is messy Está ordenado – it is tidy
We then looked at some emotions which need the verb Tener Tiene sueño – he/she is sleepy (literally “he/she has sleepiness) Tien…

BEGINNERS 2 COURSE, 2016, CLASS 4

This week we learnt how to describe people physically.
Descripciones
¿Cómo es él/ella? – What’s he/she like? Él es bajo – He is short Él es alto – He is tall Él es gordo – He is fat Él es delgado – He is thin Él es viejo – He is old Ella es joven – She is young Ella es rubia – She is blond Ella es morena – She has dark hair Ella es pelirroja – She is ginger Él es feo – He is ugly Ella es guapa – She is pretty Tiene los ojos verdes / marrones / azules – He/she has green / brown / blue eyes Tiene el pelo largo / corto / rizado – He has long / short / curly hair Lleva barba / gafas / bigote – He has a beard / glasses / moustache
We learnt some useful verbs to talk about descriptions: Ser – To be Yo soy – I am Tú eres – You are Él / ella es – He / she is Nosotros somos – We are Vosotros sois – You are Ellos / ellas son – They are
Tener – to have Yo tengo – I have Tú tienes – You have Él /ella tiene – He/she has Nosotros tenemos – We have Vosotros tenéis – You have Ellos tienes – they have
Llevar – To wear Yo llevo – I w…

BEGINNERS COURSE, 2016, CLASS 4

In our fourth lesson we talked about jobs in Spanish. We learnt a question for jobs: ¿A qué te dedicas? – What do you do for a living? Soy … - I am a/an… We also learnt jobs: Él es policía / Ella es policía – He is a policeman ; She is a policewoman Él es médico/ Ella es médica – He is a doctor; She is a doctor Él es cocinero / Ella es cocinera – He is a chef; She is a chef Él es estudiante / Ella es estudiante – He is a student; She is a student Él está jubilado / Ella está jubilada – He is retired ; She is retired ¿A qué te dedicas? – What do you do for a living? Soy profesor – I am a teacher ¿A qué se dedica tu marido? – What does your husband do for a living? Es cocinero – He is a chef Él es artista y músico – He is an artist and a musician Él es fontanero – He is a plumber Ella es granjera – She is a farmer Ella es funcionaria – She is an office worker (normally someone who works for the government) Él es diseñador gráfico – He is a graphic designer
We did a listening exercise ¿Qué hacen? – Wha…

PRE-INTERMEDIATE COURSE, 2016, CLASS 4

We began by revising some vocab from the previous class
El macho – the male La hembra – the female Gracioso – funny Sincero – honest
We then went on to learn words for talking about household chores Sacar la basura – to take out the rubbish Poner la mesa – to set the table Quitar la mesa – to clear the table Fregar el suelo – to mop the floor Fregar los platos – to scrub/clean the dishes Cortar el césped – to cut the lawn Quitar el polvo – to dust Pasar la aspiradora – to hoover Planchar – to iron

We looked at some irregular verbs Poner – pongo, pones, pone…. Fregar – friego, friegas, friega……
We listened to four people talking about the jobs they do at home Hacer de canguro – to act as babysitter Romper – to break Ordenar – to tidy Decorar – to decorate We then talked about frequency Dos veces a la semana – twice a week Tres veces por año – three times a year Cada dos semanas – every two weeks Semana sí semana no – every two weeks De vez en cuando – from time to time
Some other vocab that cam…

ELEMENTARY COURSE, 2016, CLASS 4

We began by revising some of the vocab connected with transport
Una maleta – a suitcase El equipaje – the luggage Una parada de autobuses – a bus stop Una parada de taxis – a taxi rank Un billete – a ticket Una ida y vuelta – a return ticket Una ida – a one way ticket Viajar – to travel El viaje – the journey
We then listened to some announcements in stations and airports Debido a – because of Un retraso – a delay Efectuar la salida – to depart Un cambio de conductor – a change of driver Les recordamos – we remind you Estacionado – parked La planta baja – the ground floor A bordo del autobús – on board the bus La compra de billetes – the purchase of tickets
We then did an exercise to practice asking about arrivals and departures, and about prices ¿A qué hora sale …. ? – what time does it leave? ¿A qué hora llega…. ? – what time does it arrive? El tren para Barcelona – the train to Barcelona El tren de Madrid a Barcelona – the train from Madrid to Barcelona El primer tren – the first train El segundo…