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Showing posts from May, 2015

IMPROVERS 3, SPRING 2015, CLASS 5

Martes, el 26 de mayo, 2015
This week we talked about the gerund. Beber – to drink Quitarse la camisa – to take off the shirt Bailar – to dance Abrir – to open Sentarse – to sit down Escribir – to write Hablar – to talk / speak Ver/mirar – to see, to watch
El gerundio – the gerund The gerund is the –ing forms in English. In Spanish, we can use two different endings: -ando/ -iendo. Trabajar – to work Trabajando – working Vivir – to live Viviendo – living Comer – to eat Comiendo – eating Dormir – to sleep Durmiendo – sleeping Morir – to die Muriendo – dying Leer – to read Leyendo – Reading Oir – to hear Oyendo – hearing Sentir – to feel Sintiendo – feeling Repetir – to repeat Repitiendo – repeating These verbs, together with the verb ESTAR, form what is called EL GERUNDIO in Spanish. Yo estoy comiendo – I am eating Tú estás leyendo – you are reading Él/ella está durmiendo – s/he is sleeping Nosotros estamos bebiendo – We are drinking Vosotros estáis corriendo – You are running Ellos están bailando – They ar…

LC PREP COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 6

LC PREP COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 6
In this class we finished off the exercise on the Falsos Amigos. Solution here.
We then went on to look at the Opinion piece. This is important as it is worth 50 marks in the exam.
There are two ways of approaching the question. 1. - Pick one side of the argument, give your opinion in the first paragraph (Estoy/no estoy de acuerdo con la afirmación) - give three paragraphs with three different arguments for your position, beginning "primero", "segundo", "tercero". - End with a short conclusion, reiterating your position ..... En conclusión...
2. Take both sides. Use the intro and conclusion given in the second example on p.30. - have two paragraphs in the middle, one for the afirmación, the other against. Introduce each one with "por un lado", and "por el otro lado" - on the one hand, on the other hand.
It is important to use a range of vocab, examples on p.32. Homework was to write one of the opinion pie…

BEGINNERS COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 6

This week we talked about food. La comida Las patatas fritas – The chips La naranja – The orange La mantequilla – the butter El queso – the cheese El arroz – the rice La cerveza – the beer La leche – the milk El pescado – the fish La tortilla – the omelette El jamón – the ham El pan – the bread Los huevos – the eggs La ensalada – the salad La carne de vaca  - the steak La pasta – the pasta Los mariscos – seafood
We learnt some expressions to express likes and dislikes in Spanish. ¿Te gusta la cerveza? – Do you like beer? Sí, me encanta – Yes, I love it. Sí, me gusta mucho – Yes, I like it very much Sí, me gusta – Yes I like it No, no me gusta mucho – No, I don’t like it very much No, no me gusta – No, I don’t like it No, no me gusta nada – No, I don’t like it at all. If the noun is plural, we add an “n” at the end of “gusta”. See the examples below: ¿Te gustan los huevos? – Do you like eggs? Sí, me gustan mucho – Yes, I like them No, no me gustan nada – No, I don’t like them at all.
We learnt how to order fo…

IMPROVERS COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 5

This week we talked about clothes and colours La ropa – Clothes Los pantalones – The trousers La camiseta – the t-shirt Los calcetines – the socks La corbata – the tie La falda – the skirt Los zapatos – the shoes La camisa – the shirt El abrigo – the coat Los (pantalones) vaqueros – the jeans La chaqueta – the jacket El vestido – The dress El traje – the suit La bufanda – the scarf El cinturón – the belt El sombrero – the hat El suéter – the sweater Las botas – The boots Los guantes – the gloves El bolso – the handbag Las zapatillas de deporte – the trainers
It is very important to know that clothes sizes change between Ireland and Spain. All you need to know about them are in the following link (in English): http://www.torreviejainformation.com/metric-conversions/
We listened to a dialogue and we learnt new words and expressions: Dependiente – Shop assistant Cliente – Customer Buenas tardes, ¿qué desea? – Good evening, what would you like? Hola, quiero un vestido para mí – Hi, I’d like a dress fo…

IMPROVERS 3 COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 4

We began by revising the Preterite tense, and talked a little in the past about what we did in the last two weeks.
We then went on to looking at accommodation - El alojamiento on p.14. Full course here...

una habitación doble/individual - a double/single room la llave - the key al final del pasillo - at the end of the corridor
media pensión - half board
pensión completa - full board
We moved onto the Problemas section, p. 15 la bombilla - the bulb dirty - sucio a pillow - una almohada broken - roto the shower - la ducha the taps - los grifos the bath - la bañera sheets - las sábanas
We then looked at complaints - quejas - using this vocab la cama está rota - the bed is broken la moqueta está mojada - the carpet is wet las sábanas están sucias - the sheets are dirty la calefacción no funciona - the heating doesn't work la luz no funciona - the lights don't work la lámpara no tiene bombilla - the lamp doesn't have a bulb falta una almohada - a pillow is missing la bañera está sucia - …

LEAVING CERT PREP COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 5

We began by completing the dialogue on p. 13.
Yo iré contigo para buscar el móvil, y después podemos ir a la playa juntos. Great, you've never been to that beach. You want to swim in the sea. When you lived on the coast you used to swim in the ocean all the time, though now you and your family live inland and you don't have the chance. Nunca he estado en esa playa. Quiero nadar en el mar. Cuando vivía en la costa nadaba en el océano todo el tiempo, aunque ahora yo y mi familia vivimos en el interior y no tengo la posibilidad.
¿Qué haremos en la playa? You'll swim in the sea, to cool down. You have never swum in the Mediterranean, and you think it will be a great experience. Then you will sunbathe and relax. Last year in Alicante you spent every day on the beach, and you had a good time. Nadaré en el mar para refrescarme. Nunca he nadado en el Mediterráneo, y pienso que será una gran experiencia. Luego tomaré el sol y me relajaré. El año pasado en Alicante pasaba todos los dí…

IMPROVERS COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 4

el 11 de mayo, 2015
This week we learnt how to describe people physically. Descripciones ¿Cómo es él/ella? – What’s he/she like? Él es bajo – He is short Él es alto – He is tall Él es gordo – He is fat Él es delgado – He is thin Él es viejo – He is old Ella es joven – She is young Ella es rubia – She is blond Ella es morena – She has dark hair Ella es pelirroja – She is ginger Él es feo – He is ugly Ella es guapa – She is pretty Tiene los ojos verdes / marrones / azules – He/she has green / brown / blue eyes Tiene el pelo largo / corto / rizado – He has long / short / curly hair Lleva barba / gafas / bigote – He has a beard / glasses / moustache
We learnt some useful verbs to talk about descriptions: Ser – To be Yo soy – I am Tú eres – You are Él / ella es – He / she is Nosotros somos – We are Vosotros sois – You are Ellos / ellas son – They are
Tener – to have Yo tengo – I have Tú tienes – You have Él /ella tiene – He/she has Nosotros tenemos – We have Vosotros tenéis – You have Ellos tienes – they have
Llevar – To…

BEGINNERS COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 5

This week we learnt how to ask/say the time in Spanish. ¿Qué hora es? – What time is it? Es la… / Son las … - It is… In Spanish, we say the hour first and then the minutes. 2:00 Son las dos 5:30 Son las cinco y media 7:30 Son las siete y media 12:30 Son las doce y media 9:00 Son las nueve en punto 2:30 Son las dos y media 1:00 Es la una 4:30 Son las cuatro y media
7.45 Son las ocho menos cuarto 3.15 Son las tres y cuarto 2.20 Son las dos y veinte 8.25 Son las ocho y veinticinco 11.45 Son las doce menos cuarto 4.20 Son las cuatro y veinte 5.15 Son las cinco y cuarto 1.50 Son las dos menos diez 6.55 Son las siete menos cinco 10.25 Son las diez y veinticinco We did two listening exercises: 1. Es la una – It’s 1 o’clock Son las dos – It’s 2 o’clock Son las nueve – It’s 9 o’clock Son las doce – it’s 12 o’clock 2. Son las dos menos cuarto de la tarde – 1.45 in the afternoon Son las seis y media de la tarde – 6.30 in the evening Son las doce menos cuarto de la noche – 11.45 in the evening Son las ocho y diez de la mañan…

LEAVING CERT PREP COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 4

We began by revising the text from last week, on p. 27, and focusing on paragraphs 2 and 3 and the vocab there....

los rehenes - hostages entablar comunicación - to establish communication el secuestrador - the kidnapper exigir - the demand la entrega - the handover darse cuenta - to realize maniobrar - to manoeuvre abrumado - overwhelmed agotarse - to run out
Some answers.... no.2 (a) calmar - tranquilizar (b) en buen estado de salud - sanos y salvos
no.3  (a) Todos sabían que existía la posibilidad de que tuviera un final que nadie deseaba. (paragraph 1) Everyone knew that there existed the possibility that it would end in a way that no-one wanted.
(b) Si me dejas que maniobre un poco, te puedo conseguir un millón. (paragraph 3) If you let me manoeuvre a little, I can get you a million.
The rest is for homework...
We then listened to the listening from 2005, Un ladrón muy cansado It can be found here

Some useful vocab.... Un ladrón - a thief aprovechar - to take advantage of una pulsera - a brace…

IMPROVERS 3, SPRING 2015, CLASS 3

IMPROVERS 3 COURSE, 2015, CLASS 3
 We began by revising how to talk about the future in Spanish... Voy a ir a Dublin este fin de semana Vamos a estudiar esta noche
We then moved on to talking about Gustos - liking and disliking in Spanish A Hector no le gustan las arañas - Hector doesn't like spiders It is important to note that with a name we need to use the word "a" (A Hector) and the word "le" for the third person
We then went on to talking about the past tense, the Preterite AR verbs Hablar yo hablé, tú hablaste, él habló, nosotros hablamos, vosotros hablasteis, ellos hablaron
IR/ER verbs Comer comí, comiste, comió, comimos, comisteis, comieron
There are some irregular verbs ir - voy, vas, va .... estar - estuve, estuviste, estuvo.... tener - tuve, tuviste, tuvo....
We did some of the exercises on p.8 and listened to the listening about the Spanish king. Some vocab asistir - to attend
la boda - the wedding

BEGINNERS COURSE, SPRING 2015, CLASS 4

This week we talked about jobs in Spanish. We learnt a question for jobs: ¿Qué haces? – What do you do for a living? ¿Qué hace? – What does he/she do for a living? Soy … - I am a/an… Es … - He / she is a/an… We also learnt jobs: Él es policía / Ella es policía – He is a policeman ; She is a policewoman Él es médico/ Ella es médica – He is a doctor; She is a doctor Él es cocinero / Ella es cocinera – He is a chef; She is a chef Él es estudiante / Ella es estudiante – He is a student; She is a student Él está jubilado / Ella está jubilada – He is retired ; She is retired ¿Qué haces? – What do you do for a living? Soy policía – I am a policeman ¿Qué hace tu mujer? – What does your wife do? Es profesora – She is a teacher ¿y tu marido? – And your husband? Es cocinero – He’s a chef Él es artista y músico – He is an artist and a musician Él es fontanero – He is a plumber Ella es granjera – She is a farmer Ella es funcionaria – She is an office worker (normally someone who works for the government) Él es dis…