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Showing posts from October, 2014

INTERMEDIATE COURSE, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 4

Miércoles, el 22 de octubre, 2014


This week we talked about two past tenses in Spanish: Pretérito imperfecto y pretérito indefinido. Firstly, we described a picture using pretérito imperfecto. Some of the answers were:
Luis y Marisol estaban en la calle – Luis and Marisol were in the street. En la calle había mucha gente – There were lots of people in the street. Hacía buen tiempo – The weather was nice La gente paseaba – People were taking a stroll La gente llevaba ropa de verano – People were wearing summer clothes Luis y Marisol estaban contentos – Luis and Marisol were happy
To practise both tenses, we worked on another description activity. Note that descriptions are formed with pretérito imperfecto and actions are formed with pretérito indefinido.
To check the answers, we worked on the next activity that consisted on listening to the story completing the transcript with the missing verbs. The dialogue is the following one: A: El otro día paseábamos por la Ramblas de Barcelona y había…

LEAVING CERT GRAMMAR REVISION, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 4

22/10/14
We began by revising Question words in Spanish....
¿Qué? - what ¿Quién? - Who ¿Cuándo...? - When ¿Dónde....? - Where ¿Cuántos...? - how many ¿Cómo...? - How....
We then revised how to talk about the Future in Spanish 1).Ir + a + Infinitive
 (i) the verb Ir voy, vas, va, vamos, vais , van
(ii) the word "a"
(iii) the infinitive of the verb..... comer, ir, ser, estar, hacer, etc....
2).The Future tense
The second way of talking about the future is by adding endings to the infinitive... The endings are ..... é, ás, á, emos, éis, án.
Comeré - I will eat
Comerás - you will eat
Comerá - he/she will eat Comeremos - we will eat
Comeréis - you (plural) will eat
Comerán - they will eat
We also mentioned some irregular verbs... Tener - Tendré, tendrás...... Salir - Saldré, saldrás..... Poner - pondré, pondrás.....

We did some practice on the future. The answers to the exercises we didn't complete in class are here...
We also learned the possessive adjectives in Spanish... Mi amigo/ mis …

TUESDAY BEGINNERS, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 4

Martes, el 21 de octubre, 2014
We began by revising a question from the last class...
¿Cuántos años tiene? - how old is he/she? ¿Cuántos años tienes? - How old are you? Tengo veintiséis años - I am 26 Tengo treinta y cuatro años - I am 34 Mi hijo tiene ocho años - My son is 8
¿Qué hora es? We then went on to learn how to tell the time... ¿Qué hora es? - What time is it?
1.00 - Es la una
2.00 - Son las dos
2.30 - Son las dos y media
2.10 - Son las dos y diez
2. 15 - Son las dos y cuarto 2.55 - Son las tres menos cinco
2.45 - Son las tres menos cuarto
2.35 - Son las tres menos veinticinco
We then learned to talk about jobs
Es médico/a - he/she is a doctor Es bombero - he is a fireman Es enfermero/a - he/she is a nurse Es cocinero/a - he/she is a chef Es peluquero/a - he/she is a hairdresser Es estudiante - he/she is a student
Está jubilado/a - he/she is retired
We learned two useful words fácil - easy difícil - difficult
We then learned some more job words Soy profesor - I am a teacher …

IMPROVERS COURSE, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 4

Lunes, el 20 de octubre, 2014
We began by revising last week's class
El cuerpo - the body
La cabeza - the head
La nariz - the nose
La oreja - the (outer) ear
El oído - the (inner) ear
La boca - the mouth
los labios - the lips
Los dientes - the teeth
el pelo - the hair
la cara - the face

el cuello - the neck
el brazo - the arm
la mano - the hand
el dedo - the finger
el estómago - the stomach
el corazón - the heart
la pierna - the leg
el pie - the foot
el hombro - the shoulder
la espalda - the back
la piel - the skin

Then we talked about various illnesses
Me duele el pie - my foot hurts Me duelen los pies - my feet hurt Tengo la pierna rota - I have a broken leg Tengo el brazo roto - I have a broken arm Roto is an adjective, and so has to agree with the noun el brazo roto la pierna rota
We then learned a simple conversation
¿Qué te pasa? - What's wrong with you?
¡Qué lástima! - that's too bad
Deberías ir al médico - you should go to the d…

MONDAY BEGINNERS, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 4

Lunes, el 20 de octubre, 2014

 In our fourth lesson we talked about jobs in Spanish. We learnt a question for jobs: ¿A qué te dedicas? – What do you do for a living? Soy … - I am a/an…
We also learnt jobs: Él es policía / Ella es policía – He is a policeman ; She is a policewoman Él es médico/ Ella es médica – He is a doctor; She is a doctor Él es cocinero / Ella es cocinera – He is a chef; She is a chef Él es estudiante / Ella es estudiante – He is a student; She is a student Él está jubilado / Ella está jubilada – He is retired ; She is retired ¿A qué te dedicas? – What do you do for a living? Soy professor – I am a teacher ¿A qué se dedica tu marido? – What does your husband do for a living? Es cocinero – He is a chef Él es artista y músico – He is an artist and a musician Él es fontanero – He is a plumber Ella es granjera – She is a farmer Ella es funcionaria – She is an office worker (normally someone who works for the government)
We also worked on a dialogue and we translated the words and se…

INTERMEDIATE COURSE, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 3

In our third lesson, we continued talking about trips. We worked on the activity 11 and we read the text. Some words or expressions we did not understand: Viajar a todo tren – Expression that means ‘to travel quickly’ Los pasajeros disponen de dos días – Passengers have two days Bullicio – crowd El tren se detiene en Córdoba – The train stops in Córdoba La Mezquita – The Mosque Estación de Chamartín – Train station situated in the northern area of Madrid
We also commented on the position of the symbol € in Spanish compared to English: English: 4 euro à €4 Spanish: 4 eurosà 4€ We put in order the pictures above the text. The answers are: B-A-H-E-G-F-C-D
In pairs, we worked on activity 12. We planned our own trip by using future tenses. Different structures were put in practice: Ir a + verb infinitive form    e.g. Vamos a ir a la playa – We are going to the beach. Future simple                         e.g. Iremos al campo – We will go to the countryside. First conditional (Si + present simpl…

MONDAY BEGINNERS, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 3

lunes, el 13 de octubre, 2014
Our third session of our beginner course was about Countries, nationalities and Jobs. In the first part of the lesson we talked about countries and nationalities. We learnt three basic questions:
¿De dónde eres? – Where are you from? Yo soy de  …. – I am from. . . ¿De dónde es él? – Where is he from? Él es de … - He is from… ¿Qué lenguas hablas? – What languages do you speak? ¿Hablas…? – Do you speak…?
We learnt some countries and nationalities in Spanish: España – Spain;                español (masc) española (fem) – Spanish Irlanda – Ireland;             irlandés (masc) irlandesa (fem) – Irish Inglaterra – England;      inglés (masc) inglesa (fem) – English Francia – France;             francés (masc) francesa (fem) – French
¿De dónde es David Beckham? – Where is David Beckham from? ÉL es de Inglaterra – He is from England Él es inglés – He is English
¿Qué lengua habla David Beckham? – What language does Beckham speak? Él habla inglés – He speaks English
¿De dónde es Ra…

LEAVING CERT GRAMMAR REVISION, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 3

LC GRAMMAR REVISION, 2014, CLASS 3
Miércoles, el 15 de octubre, 2014
We began by revising some verbs... and the first person singular (yo) and plural (nosotros) in the Present..
Encontrar - to find (encuentro, encontramos)
Venir - to come (vengo, venimos)
Entender - to understand (entiendo, entendemos)
Dar - to give (doy, damos)
Decir - to say (digo, decimos)
Llevar - to take (or spend time) (llevo, llevamos)
Llegar - to arrive (llego, llegamamos)
Oír - to hear (oigo, oímos)
Saber - to know information (sé, sabemos)
Conocer - to know a person (conozco, conocemos) Also, "P" verbs....
Poder - to be able (puedo, podemos)
Pedir - to ask for (pido, pedimos)
Poner - to put (pongo, ponemos)
Perder - to lose (pierdo, perdemos)
Pensar - to think (pienso, pensamos)


We also learned some other verbs, especially for meals
Desayunar - to have breakfast Comer/ almorzar - to have lunch Cenar - to have dinner
We came across some other vocabulary.... Mañana por la mañana - tomorrow …

TUESDAY BEGINNERS COURSE, 2014, CLASS 3

Martes, el 14 de octubre, 2014
We began by revising some language about the family
¿Estás casado/a? - Are you married? ¿Tienes...? - Do you have.....? ¿Tienes hijos? - Do you have children?
hermanos - brothers and sisters padres - parents abuelos - grandparents sobrinos - nieces and nephews primos - cousins
¿Cómo se llama....? - What is her/his name? ¿Cómo se llama tu hijo? - What is your son's name?
¿Cuántos años tiene.....? - How old is he/she? ¿Cuántos años tiene tu hijo? - How old is your son?
We also learned some possessives... mi - my tu - your su - his/her
We also learned the numbers from 11 to 20
11
12
13
14
15 Once
Doce
Trece
Catorce
Quince 16
17
18
19
20 Dieciséis
Diecisiete
Dieciocho
Diecinueve
veinte

We practiced the question... ¿Cuántos años tiene ....? - How old is....?
¿Cuántos años tiene tu hijo? - How old is your son?
Tiene 13 años. - He is thirteen.

We then went on to learn the names of countries and nationalities
Los países (The countries) Nacionalidad (masculina) Nacional…

IMPROVERS COURSE, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 3

Lunes, el 13 de octubre, 2014

We began by revising expressions connected to shopping
la tienda - the shop el precio - the price De compras - shopping Busco - I am looking for Necesito - I need ¿Hay? - Is there?/ are there? ¿Cuánto cuesta? - how much is it?
Aquí tiene - here you are Me lo llevo - I'll take it Es muy caro - it is very expensive Es barato - it is cheap es demasiado caro - it is too expensive
We then went on to learn about parts of the body El cuerpo - the body
La cabeza - the head
La nariz - the nose
La oreja - the (outer) ear
El oído - the (inner) ear
La boca - the mouth
los labios - the lips
Los dientes - the teeth
el pelo - the hair
la cara - the face
el cuello - the neck
el brazo - the arm
la mano - the hand
el dedo - the finger
el estómago - the stomach
el corazón - the heart
la pierna - the leg
el pie - the foot
el hombro - the shoulder
la espalda - the back
la piel - the skin
Then we talked about various illnesses
Me duele el pie - my foot hurts Me duelen los pies …

INTERMEDIATE COURSE, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 2

Miércoles, el 08 de octubre, 2014

In our second lesson in our intermediate course, we talked about holidays – vacaciones Firstly, we did a brief brainstorming about holidays. Medios de transporte – means of transport Coche – car Motocicleta (or moto) – motorbike Bicicleta (or bici) – bike Barco – ship Barca – boat Avión – plane Autobús – bus Lugares a donde ir – places to go Playa – beach Montaña – mountain Pueblo – town Ciudad – city Ir de crucero – to go on a cruise Villa – village Lugares donde hospedarse – places to stay Hostal – cheap hotel Albergue – hostel / bed & breakfast Camping – camping Tienda de campaña – tent Hotel – hotel (in Spanish, the “h” is silent) Caravana – camper van / caravan
In pairs, we worked on activity number 9 and we completed the chart. We read the dialogue and we translated it. Some words / expressions we did not understand: Demasiada gente – too many people (note that ‘people’ in Spanish is a singular word to define a group, therefore we say ‘la gente es’ not ‘la gen…

MONDAY BEGINNERS, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 2

06/10/14

In our second session of our beginner course, we learnt basic questions and answers related to THE FAMILY: ¿Estás casado? – Are you married? (If we ask a man if he’s married). Sí, estoy casado, ¿y tú? – Yes, I am, and you? ¿Estás casada? – Are you married? (If we ask a woman if she’s married). No estoy casada, pero tengo novio / novia – No, I’m not married but I have a boyfriend / girlfriend.
La familia – The family Padre / Madre – Father /mother                      Padres – parents Hijo / Hija – Son / Daughter                               Hijos – children Hermano /hermana – Brother /Sister       Hermanos –brothers and sisters Abuelo / abuela – grandfather/grandmother Abuelos – grandparents Nieto/nieta- grandson/granddaughter           Nietos – grandchildren Tío / tía – uncle / aunt                                           Tíos – uncles and aunts    Marido / mujer – Husband / wife         Novio/novia –boyfriend/girlfriend
We also learnt the possessive pronouns in singular to use them …

LEAVING CERT GRAMMAR REVISION, CLASS 2

08/10/14
We began the class by revising subject pronouns in Spanish
Yo (I)
Tú (you)
Él/ella/usted (he/she/you (formal))
Nosotros (we)
Vosotros (you plural)
Ellos/ ustedes (They/ you plural (formal))
Then we looked at regular verbs in the Present tense
First person - Yo Always ends in "o" Hablo, como, vivo, espero
Second person - Tú Always ends in "s" Hablas, comes, vives, esperas
Third person - él/ella/usted Always ends in "a" or "e" Habla, come, vive, espera
First person Plural - Nosotros Always ends in "mos" Hablamos, comemos, vivimos, esperamos
Second person Plural - Vosotros Always ends in "is" Habláis, coméis, vivís, esperáis
Third person plural - Ellos/ustedes Always ends in "n" ("an" or "en") Hablan, comen, viven, esperan
We moved on to some irregular verbs in the Presente. The following are irregular in the first person only....
Salir - salgo Poner - pongo Saber - sé Conocer - conozco Hacer - …

BEGINNERS TUESDAY, AUTUMN 2014, CLASS 2

Martes, el 07 de octubre, 2014
We began by revising what we did last week.
Hola - hello
Buenos días - good morning
buenas tardes - good afternoon

¿Qué tal? - How are you?
¿Cómo estás? - How are you?
Estoy bien - I'm fine
Estoy fatal - I'm terrible
Estoy más o menos - I'm ok, not bad, not great
Hasta luego - see you later

¿Cómo te llamas? - what is your name?
Me llamo ...... - my name is....

¿De dónde eres? - Where are you from?
Soy de Irlanda - I'm from Ireland

We learned the numbers from one to ten...
1 uno
2 dos
3 tres
4 cuatro
5 cinco
6 seis
7 siete
8 ocho
9 nueve
10 diez


¿Cómo se dice "eight" en español? - how do you say "eight" in Spanish?

We then moved on to learning about the family in Spanish
El padre - the father
La madre - the mother
El hijo - the son
La hija - the daughter
Los hijos - the children
Casado/a - married
El marido - the husband
La mujer - the wife
El hermano - the brother
la hermana - the sister
El abuelo - the grandfather
La abuela - the…