BEGINNERS 2 COURSE, 2017, CLASS 9


To begin, we practiced conjugating verbs in the present tense
Yo canto, tú cantas, él/ella canta, nosotros cantamos, vosotros cantáis, ellos cantan
Yo duermo, tú duermes, él/ella duerme,….
Yo juego, tú juegas, ella juega….
Yo voy, tú vas, él va……

WE then talked about describing cities…
Las ciudades – The cities
We read two descriptions and we translated the words we did not understand.
No muy lejos de Francia – Not very far from France
Puerto – port
Una ciudad de origen antiguo – A city with an ancient origin
En el mundo entero – worldwide
Una ciudad tranquila – a quiet city
Muy cerca del océano Pacífico – Very close to the Pacific ocean
Es bastante pequeña – It is rather small
Hay muchas tiendas para comprar recuerdos – There are many shops to buy souvenirs

We talked about the uses of the verb “to be” in English à “ser” and “estar”
Ser: To talk about what the city is like
¿Cómo es? – What is it like?
Barcelona es muy moderna y dinámica – Barcelona is very modern and dynamic
Antigua es una ciudad pequeña y tranquila – Antigua is a small and quiet city

Estar: To talk about the location of the place
¿Dónde está? – Where is it?
Barcelona está al noroeste de España – Barcelona is in the norwest of Spain.
Antigua está en el sur del país – Antigua is in the south of the country.

We also completed some sentences with the verbs “ser” or “estar”
Es muy Antigua –It is an old city
Está en el sur de España – It is in the south of Spain
Está cerca de Sevilla – It is close to Seville
No es una ciudad muy importante – It is not a very important city
Está en la costa atlántica – It is on the Atlantic coast
Es famosa por sus playas – It is famous because of its beaches
Está lejos de Madrid – It is far from Madrid
Es bastante pequeña – It is pretty small
No está en el centro de España – It is not in the centre of Spain

We did a describing exercise and we guessed the cities we were talking about. Some words we did not understand:
Hay un río famoso – There is a famous river
Que va por el centro de la ciudad – That flows through the centre of the city
La ciudad del amor – The city of love
Un clima muy agradable – A very nice climate
Una ciudad con muchas autopistas – A city with plenty of motorways


For homework, we have to describe a city, and other students have to guess which city we are talking about. 

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