ELEMENTARY COURSE, AUTUMN 2015, CLASS 9

This week we looked at the map of Spain and we revised how to ask for places.
Spain is divided into 17 different regions (comunidades autonómas) and 2 independent cities that belong to the country (ciudades autónomas) called Ceuta and Melilla.
There are 52 different provinces (provincias) that constitute the country.
In groups, we guessed where the following places are.
¿Dónde está…? – Where is…?
… Tenerife? – Tenerife está en las Islas Canarias – It’s in the  Canary Islands.
…Barcelona? – Barcelona está en Cataluña
…Santiago de Compostela? – Está en Galicia.
…Mallorca? – Está en las Islas Baleares
…Bilbao? – Está en el País Vasco.
…Málaga? – Está en Andalucía
…Fuerteventura? – Está en las Islas Canarias
…Toledo? – Está en Castilla – La Mancha

We learnt how to ask where we have been. It is formed with the verb HABER (in the person we are talking about) and a participle, which is formed by changing the end of the verb in infinitive by a participle ending.
Haber: he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han
Verbs which end by –ar à -ado                Trabajar – trabajado; jugar-jugado; visitar-visitado
Verbs which end by –er / -ir à -ido         Beber-bebido; dormir-dormido

Yo he visitado – I have visited
Tú has comido – You have eaten
Él ha bailado – he has danced
Nosotros hemos leído – we have read
Vosotros habéis dejado – You have left
Ellos han corrido – they have run
In pairs, we practiced the following questions with our own experiences.
¿Has estado en …? ­– Have you ever been to…?
We also revised the different adverbs of frequency to use in these situations
Una vez- once
Dos veces – twice
Nunca – never
Muchas veces – many times
Varias veces – several times
¿has estado en Barcelona? – No, nunca he estado en Barcelona – No, I’ve never been to Barcelona
¿Has estado en Sevilla? – Sí, he estado allí muchas veces – Yes, I’ve been there many times.
¿Has estado en Mallorca? – Sí, estuve allí el año pasado – Yes, I was there last year.

We also practiced the following questions:
¿has oído hablar de…? – Have you heard about …?
¿has comido paella? – Have you eaten paella?
¿Has bailado en la feria de abril? – Have you danced in Feria de abril?
¿Has viajado a España? – Have you travelled to Spain?
¿Has estado en los San Fermines? – Have you been to San Fermines?
¿Te gustaría volver? – Would you like to go back?

To conclude, we learnt other ways to ask where certain places are
¿Sevilla está en qué comunidad? – In which region is Sevilla?
¿En qué comunidad autónoma está Jerez? - In which region is Jerez?

Other words that we learnt:
La Paella está sosa – Paella is bland
Yo también – me too
Yo tampoco – me neither




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