LEAVING CERT WRITING AND GRAMMAR COURSE, 2015, CLASS 3
We began by revising some of the vocab we learned the week before
fuerte - strong
débil - weak
peligroso - dangerous
una serpiente - a snake
largo - long
We also learned some new vocab
llegar - to arrive
llevar - to wear/ to take
llover - to rain
preocupado - worried
cansado - tired
ganar - to win/earn
la posibilidad - any word ending in "-dad" is always feminine
la afirmación - any word ending in "-ción" is feminine
We went on to learn how to talk about the future in Spanish. There are two ways to do this.
1). Ir + a + Infinitive
This is the equivalent of "I am going to do" in English
We need three elements
(i) the verb Ir
voy, vas, va, vamos, vais , van
(ii) the word "a"
(iii) the infinitive of the verb..... comer, ir, ser, estar, hacer, etc....
Voy a salir este fin de semana - I am going to go out this weekend
Vamos a estudiar esta noche - We are going to study tonight.
¿Vas a limpiar tu dormitorio? - Are you going to clean your bedroom?
2). The Future tense
The second way of talking about the future is by adding endings to the infinitive...
There is no difference between AR, ER and IR verbs...
The endings are ..... é, ás, á, emos, éis, án.
Comeré - I will eat
Comerás - you will eat
Comerá - he/she will eat
Comeremos - we will eat
Comeréis - you (plural) will eat
Comerán - they will eat
There are some irregular verbs..
Tener - tendré......
Salir - saldré....
Venir - vendré...
Poner - pondré....
Hacer - haré.....
Poder - podré......
Saber - Sabré...
Querer - Querré....
Decir - diré...
Haber - ....habrá.....
We talked about the verb Haber, which, in the present tense is Hay - there is/there are
Haber is only used in the Third Person
Hay - there is/there are
Habrá - there will be