LEAVING CERT GRAMMAR, 2014, CLASS 7

Leaving cert Grammar, Autumn 2014, class 7

We began by revising the irregular past tenses.
It is important to distinguish between the first and third persons, which can be quite similar - dije/dijo, fui/fue, tuve/tuvo, vine/vino etc...

We then moved on to reflexive verbs. One verb we looked at is...
Llamarse - to call yourself
me llamo - I call myself
te llamas - you call yourself
etc..

We learned the reflexive pronouns
me, te, se, nos, os, se.
These all give the idea of "self"
me - myself
te - yourself
etc.

Many reflexive verbs in Spanish are also reflexive in English.....
divertirse - to enjoy yourself
lavarse - to wash yourself

But many are not.....
levantarse - to get up
acostarse - to go to bed
vestirse - to get dressed
despertarse - to wake up
preocuparse - to worry
relajarse - to relax

we also mentioned that most verbs can be reflexive or not, with a change in meaning
Cortar - to cut
Corté el pan - I cut the bread
Cortarse - to cut yourself
Cuando preparaba la cena, me corté con el cuchillo - when I was preparing dinner, I cut myself with the knife.

We also mentioned that reflexive verbs can have a number of uses.
(i) the idea of "self"
(ii) to express the idea of "each other".
Marta y Felicia se escriben mucho.  - They write to each other a lot.
(iii) the passive, or to express the English idea of "one"
se habla español - Spanish is spoken
¿Se puede? - (literally) Can one enter?
Se bebe mucha Guinness en Irlanda - A lot of Guinness is drunk in Ireland.
Con un ordenador, se puede hacer muchas cosas útiles. - with a computer one can do a lot of useful things.

We also learned some more reflexive verbs.
maquillarse - to put on makeup
afeitarse - to shave
cepillarse los dientes - to brush one's teeth
sentarse - to sit down
levantarse - to stand up/ to get up
quedarse - to stay
alojarse - to stay (in a hotel)


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