IMPROVERS 2 COURSE, 2014, CLASS 7
We began by learning another false friend
Recordar - to remember
No recuerdo - I don't remember
The important point, of course, is that Recordar never means "to record".
We then continued to learn about verbs to be used in the daily routine.
Despertarse - to wake up, me despierto - I wake up
Levantarse - to get up, Me levanto - I get up
Acostarse - to go to bed, Me acuesto - I go to bed
Ducharse - to have a shower, Me ducho - I have a shower
Desayunar - to have breakfast, desayuno - I have breakfast
Comer/almorzar - to have lunch, como/almuerzo - I have lunch
Cenar - to have dinner, ceno - I have dinner
Dormir - to sleep, duermo - I sleep
We then moved on to learning some other reflexive verbs.
Reflexive verbs contain the idea of "self".
Levantarse is a reflexive verb, the "se" part means "self"
When we conjugate Spanish verbs, the "self" part - the reflexive pronoun - changes too.
Me levanto - I get up (literally, I get myself up)
Te levantas - you get up
Se levanta - he/she gets up
Nos levantamos - we get up
Os levantáis - You (plural) get up
Se levantan - they get up.
Reflexive verbs in Spanish do not always have a reflexive meaning in English
Levantarse does not, there is no idea of "self" in the English translation
Divertirse - to enjoy yourself... me divierto - I enjoy myself, te diviertes - you enjoy yourself.....etc
Other reflexive verbs are...
Relajarse - to relax
Cepillarse los dientes - to brush your teeth
Cortarse el pelo - to cut your hair/ get your hair cut
Maquillarse - to put on makeup
Vestirse - to get dressed
Afeitarse - to shave
Lavarse las manos - to wash your hands
We also learned how to talk about frequency in Spanish...
Siempre - always
Nunca - never
A veces - sometimes
De vez en cuando - from time to time
A menudo - often
Todos los días - every day
Todas las semanas - every week
Todos los años - every year.
¿Con qué frecuencia ...... ? - How often....?
¿Con qué frecuencia te cepillas los dientes? - How often do you brush your teeth?
Me cepillo los dientes dos veces al dia - I brush my teeth twice a week.
We also did the exercise on p.19 to describe what someone does each day and then discover who it is we are talking about.